Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) AND PREGAGNANCY

17

The incidence of previously undiagnosed HIV in pregnancy is less than 1%. In Indian Pregnant patients

The precise management of patients who are infected will depend on factors such as the viral load, but treatment with antiretroviral therapy, delivery by Caesarean section (C/S) in appropriate cases, and avoidance of breastfeeding reduce the risk of vertical transmission from 15-25% to 1% or less. Screening for other sexually transmitted infections (STIS) should be offered.

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